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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2007年02月第13卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2007)01-0057-05
 
后发优势系统函数研究
 
贺雪娟
 
(长沙民政学院,湖南长沙,410004)
 
摘  要: 后发优势是后发国家所特有的一种潜在的优势,这些潜在优势组成了潜在的后发优势系统。后发优势系统函数是一个随时间持续递减的动态复合函数,它由7 个子系统函数组成。社会发展差距是产生潜在后发优势的主要原因。潜在的后发优势在满足后发优势发挥作用的两个必要条件的情况下可转变为发展动力,推动社会向前发展,缩小与先发国家之间的发展差距,这一个过程是一个减幅振荡的闭路循环,只有在引进、消化的基础上不断创新、突破,才能打破单纯由后发优势导致的减幅振荡闭路循环,进入增幅振荡循环,后发国家才有可能超过先发国家。发展动力变化率与社会差距变化率的比值(动力对差距的偏微分)是发展动力对差距变化的灵敏度,不同的国家和后发优势子系统具有不同的灵敏度。
 
关键词: 后发优势;系统函数;发展动力敏感度
 
 
The Research on the System Function of Late-developing Advantages
 
HE Xuejuan
 
(Changsha Social Work College, Changsha 410004, China)
 
Abstract: The late-developing advantages are the potential advantages of late-developing countries, which form the late-developing advantage system. The system function of late-developing advantage is a sustained decreasing dynamic function with the time, which is composed of seven sub- system functions. The gap of social development is the main reason of late-developing advantage. Under the circumstance of satisfying the two necessary conditions of late-developing advantages, the potential advantage can be transformed into the motive force of development to propel the society forward and reduce the development gap between the early-developing countries. The process is a closed circle of damped oscillation. It can only turn into increasing oscillation circle with the consistent innovation and breakthrough so that the backward countries can exceed the early-developing countries. The ratio of the rates of change of the development motive force to social gap is the degree of sensitivity of development motive force to the change of the gap. Various sub-systems of late-developing advantage have different degrees of sensitivity.
 
Key words: late-developing advantage; system function; degree of sensitivity of development motive force
 
 
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