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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2022年05月第28卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2022)03-0010-10
 
“价值”“伦理”“道德”的范畴区分与意义辨析——基于实用主义和自然主义视角
 
徐陶
 
(中南大学文学与新闻传播学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: “价值”“伦理”“道德”诸范畴的界定和区分在国内外学界并未达成共识,因此有必要对它们进行意义辨析和范畴区分。从实用主义和自然主义视角对“价值”“伦理”“道德”进行溯源式的考察可知,“价值”的原初内涵是人类根据生存发展的需要对事物或对象所进行的评价,其中对人的生活及行为的“善恶、好坏”评价是伦理维度的价值评价,对事物的“美丑”评价是审美维度的价值评价;道德的原初内涵是在特定共同体的生存发展中自发形成或主动构建的行为准则和行为规范。“价值”“伦理”“道德”具有内在联系,同时也具有关注点和视角方面的显著区别。
 
关键词: 实用主义;自然主义;价值;伦理;道德
 
 
The category differentiation and significance analysis of “value” “ethics” and “morality”: Based on the perspectives of pragmatism and naturalism
 
XU Tao
 
(School of Literature and Journalism, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: There is no consensus on the definition and distinction of such categories as “value” “ethics” and “morality” in the academic circles at home and abroad, so it is necessary to distinguish and categorize them. After an exploration into the origins of “value” “ethics” and “morality” from the perspectives of pragmatism and naturalism, it can be known that the original connotation of “value” is the evaluation of things or objects according to the needs of survival and development, in which “good and evil, good and bad” evaluation of people’s life and behavior is the value evaluation of ethical dimension, and the evaluation of “beautiful and ugly” of things is the value evaluation of aesthetic dimension. The original connotation of morality is the code and norm of conduct spontaneously formed or actively constructed in the survival and development of a specific community. “Value” “ethics” and “morality” have internal relations, but also have significant differences in concerns and perspectives.
 
Key words: pragmatism; naturalism; value; ethics; morality
 
 
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