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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年09月第27卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)05-0166-09
 
文学史话语的历史诗学论纲
 
颜水生
 
(贵州民族大学文学院,贵州贵阳,550025)
 
摘  要: 文学史编撰作为一种话语实践,包含阐释模式、修辞结构和情节结构等诗学形式。所有的文学史编撰都不可避免地显示出难以消解的意识形态成分,意识形态立场必然影响文学史编撰的语言结构、情节模式和阐释模式。文学史话语中存在机械论、有机论、决定论、相对论和形式论等几种主要的阐释模式,中国文学史写作的话语传统在不同阶段或环节呈现出隐喻、换喻、转喻、提喻、讽喻等转义形式的变换。文学史家大都会表现不同的意识形态立场,诸如激进主义、启蒙主义、革命主义、国家主义和理想主义等。神话体、喜剧体、浪漫体等情节编排模式在文学史话语中也都有表现。
 
关键词: 文学史话语;历史诗学;语言结构;意识形态
 
 
An outline of historical poetics of literary history discourse
 
YAN Shuisheng
 
(School of Chinese Language and Literature, GuiZhou Minzu University, GuiYang 550025, China)
 
Abstract: As a kind of discourse practice, literary history compilation includes poetic forms such as interpretation mode, rhetorical structure and plot structure. All literary history compilation inevitably shows ideological elements which are difficult to be resolved. Ideological position will inevitably affect the language structure, plot mode and interpretation mode of literary history compilation. There are several main modes of interpretation in the discourse of literary history, such as mechanism, organicism, determinism, relativism and formalism. The discourse tradition of Chinese literary history writing presents the transformation of metaphor, metonymy, trope, synecdoche, allegory and so on at different stages or links. Most scholars of literary history show different ideological positions, such as radicalism, enlightenment, revolutionary-ism, nationalism, idealism, and so on. Plot arrangement modes of mythology, comedy, romance and others modes are also reflected in the discourse of literary history.
 
Key words: historical poetics; literary history discourse; language structure; ideology
 
 
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