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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年01月第27卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)01-0112-08
 
国家治理现代化视角下新《档案法》立法理念的转变
 
徐拥军,熊文景
 
(中国人民大学信息资源管理学院,北京,100872)
 
摘  要: 立法理念蕴含着立法的价值与功能定位,也将影响法律的实施效果。从国家治理现代化视角加以审视,修订后的新《档案法》在立法理念上发生了转变,突出表现为五个方面:“依法治档”与“依宪治国”相统一;从“档案权力”走向“档案权利”;从“档案法制”走向“档案法治”;从“行政主导”走向“多元共治”;从“有法可依”走向“良法善治”。基于此,新《档案法》将为国家各地区各部门各单位涉及档案事务的有关调整、治理、协调提供重要法治保障。其贯彻实施,能进一步增强档案工作的国家责任,确保为推进国家治理现代化提供更有效的档案服务。
 
关键词: 国家治理;立法理念;新《档案法》;档案权利;档案法治;多元共治
 
 
On the evolution of the legislative concept of the new Archives Law from the perspective of national governance modernization
 
XU Yongjun, XIONG Wenjing
 
(School of Information Resource Management, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
 
Abstract: The concept of legislation contains the value and function orientation of legislation, and will affect the implementation effect of legislation. Inspected from the perspective of national governance modernization, the revised new Archives Law can be found to have undergone changes in legislative concepts, which is prominently manifested in five aspects: the unity of “administering archives by the law” and “administering the country by the Constitution”; from “Archive Power” to “Archive Rights”; from “Archival Legal System” to “Archival Law Governance ”; from “Administratively Leading” to “Multiple Co-governance”; from “Laws to Follow” to “Good Law and Good Governance”. The new Archives Law will provide important legal guarantees for the adjustment, governance, and coordination of archives affairs related to all departments and units of the country. Its implementation can further enhance the national responsibility of archival work and ensure that more effective archives services can be provided to promote the modernization of national governance.
 
Key words: national governance; legislative concept; archives law; archival rights; archival governance; multiple governance
 
 
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