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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年01月第27卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)01-0035-08
 
试论王夫之经典诠释的思想与实践
 
康宇
 
(黑龙江大学马克思主义学院,黑龙江哈尔滨,150080)
 
摘  要: 王夫之面对明代经典诠释学发展中出现的种种弊端,主张经典诠释要“兼综汉宋”,突显文本之“志”。他将解读经典与哲学建构融为一体,创造出一套独具特色的经典诠释思想。富有哲理的批判精神,忧怀家国的情感指向,重视人格的精神旨意以及重建秩序的政治理想,是这一诠释思想的突出特色。王夫之还发明出“两端一致”的诠释思维,在丰富儒学诠释思想的同时,扩充了中国古代辩证法内容体系。其经典诠释思想和实践虽然存在某些不足,但确实为传统经典诠释学开辟出了新的“生面”。
 
关键词: 经典诠释;王夫之;理学;诠释思维;两端一致;对子逻辑;古代辩证法
 
 
On Wang Fuzhi's thoughts and practice of interpreting classics
 
KANG Yu
 
(School of Marxism, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080, China)
 
Abstract: In the face of all kinds of malpractices in the development of classical hermeneutics in the Ming Dynasty, Wang Fuzhi advocated that in interpreting classics, we should "combine the Han and Song Dynasties" and highlight the "zhi" of the text. He integrates interpreting classics and constructing philosophy into a whole, hence creating a unique set of ideas of interpreting classics, whose striking characteristics lie in philosophical critical spirit, the emotional orientation of the home country, the spiritual will of the  personality, and the political ideal of rebuilding the order. Besides, Wang invents interpretative thinking of "Two Ends Being Consistent", which expands the content system of ancient Chinese dialectics as well as enriching the Confucian ideas of interpretation. In spite of some deficiencies, Wang's thoughts and practice of interpreting classics open up a new "face" for the development of classical hermeneutics.
 
Key words: interpretation of classics; Wang Fuzhi; neo-Confucianism; interpretative thinking; Two Ends Being Consistent; pair logic; ancient dialectics
 
 
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