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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年03月第26卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览761次    下载221次   在线阅读170
文章编号:1672-3104(2020)02-0039-08
 
瓦解逻辑——阿多诺哲学思维方式探析
 
张梅艳
 
(清华大学马克思主义学院,北京,100084)
 
摘  要: 瓦解逻辑实际上是阿多诺的否定辩证法哲学思想理论背后的异质性哲学思维方式。阿多诺通过规定了的否定倒转了黑格尔否定之否定的辩证法思想,解构了同一性逻辑思维哲学对辩证法的束缚和制约,提供了非同一物从同一性哲学思维方式中解放出来的逻辑保证,并通过对否定本身(即否定持续性状态和客体优先性)的论证,确立了异质性哲学思维方式,为非同一物提供了存在的空间。阿多诺的否定辩证法并不完全否定形而上学及同一性哲学思维逻辑,而是在批判的基础上对其进行拯救,但是由于其忽视了实践的作用,其逻辑思维并没有超越马克思的实践思维方式。
 
关键词: 阿多诺;规定了的否定;否定之否定;非同一物;异质性思维方式
 
 
Disintegrating the logic: Analysis of Adorno’s philosophical thinking mode
 
ZHANG Meiyan
 
(School of Marxism, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
 
Abstract: Disintegrating the logic is essentially the way of thinking in heterogeneous philosophy of Adorno's Negative Dialectics. Adorno reverses the dialectic thought of Hegelian negation through the bestimmte negation, and deconstructs the restraint and restriction of dialectics by the identity logic thinking mode. It provides the logic guarantee that the non-identity is liberated from the logic of identity, and establishes the heterogeneous mode of thinking by affirming the negation itself and the object priority. It also provides the existence space for another being. Adorno’s Negative Dialectics is not entirely to disintegrate metaphysics and its thinking logic, but also to rescue metaphysics on the basis of criticism. But, because of neglect of the role of practice, his thinking logic does not go beyond Marx's practical thinking mode.
 
Key words: Adorno; bestimmte negative; the negation of negation; another being; heterogeneous thinking mode
 
 
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