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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年05月第25卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览1516次    下载605次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2019)03-0168-08
 
宋代词科记体文论略
 
戴路
 
(四川大学中国俗文化研究所,四川成都,610064)
 
摘  要: 宋代词科记体文是依托词科考试规范、围绕历代典章制度、承载学术文化传统的独特文体,具有文章学上的典范价值。宋代词科记体文以叙事性为根本特征,分为今题与拟题两种形式。今题记体文产生于君臣交际的语境中,其叙述策略是演绎君王意图,告诫在位臣僚,在祖宗家法中寻找现实政治的合法性依据。拟题记体文考察士人对宋前历史典故的考证、记诵与描述能力,隐含了传承斯文的价值立场,具有深厚博雅的文体内涵与丰赡严整的形式特征。
 
关键词: 宋代;词科;记体文;今题;拟题
 
 
A brief study on narrative prose of Ci subject in the Song Dynasty
 
DAI Lu
 
(Institute of Chinese Vernacular Culture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China)
 
Abstract: The narrative prose of Ci subject in the Song Dynasty is a unique type of article with canonical value in writing art, which is based on the examination norm of Ci subject, centering on the institutional system of previous dynasties and carrying the academic cultural tradition. The narrative prose of Ci subject is characterized by narration and is divided into two forms of the present topic and the simulated topic. The narrative prose with present topic arose in the context of exchanges between officials and the emperor, whose narrative strategy is to surmise the emperor's intention and to warn the officials in power, hence finding justifiable proof for the political practice from the ancestors' rules. The narrative prose with imitated topic examines to know if men of letters could investigate, memorize and describe the historical allusions before the Song Dynasty, which thus contains the value of cultural inheritance with profound and elegant cultural connotations as well as rich and strict literary characteristics.
 
Key words: The Song Dynasty; Ci subject; the narrative prose; the present topic; the imitated topic
 
 
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