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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年05月第25卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览1290次    下载529次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2019)03-0084-12
 
我国可再生能源投资的就业效应研究:整体和行业视角
 
何凌云1,杨晓蕾1,钟章奇2,祝婧然3
 
(1. 中国矿业大学管理学院,江苏徐州,221116;
2. 浙江财经大学经济学院,浙江杭州,310018;
3. 中南财经政法大学金融学院,湖北武汉,430073)
 
摘  要: 基于2005—2016年我国141家可再生能源上市企业的面板数据,构建固定效应变截距模型、随机效应变截距模型,测算了可再生能源投资对全国就业量、可再生能源行业及传统能源行业就业量的直接影响以及通过经济增长、产业结构与技术进步路径对就业量产生的中介作用,探究了太阳能、地热能、生物质能、水能、风能等不同行业投资行为对可再生能源行业就业量的贡献大小,并进一步利用断点回归模型兼顾分析了可再生能源政策的作用效果。结果表明:第一,可再生能源投资增加能促进全国就业量与可再生能源行业就业量,但对传统能源行业就业量具有抑制作用。第二,可再生能源投资通过技术进步和产业结构路径对全国就业量分别产生了系数为0.011、0.020的促进作用,但却通过经济增长路径对全国就业量产生了系数为0.032的抑制作用;此外,可再生能源投资通过产业结构、经济增长路径促进了可再生能源行业与传统能源行业就业量,但通过技术进步路径抑制了该两大行业就业量。第三,样本期间内可再生能源发展基金征收使用管理政策在一定程度上放大了可再生能源投资对可再生能源行业就业量的促进作用,凸显了政策的有效性。
 
关键词: 可再生能源投资;就业;经济增长;产业结构
 
 
On employment effect of renewable energy investment in China: From the overall and industrial perspective
 
HE Lingyun1, YANG Xiaolei1, ZHONG Zhangqi2, ZHU Jingran3
 
(1. School of Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China;
2. School of Economics, Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China;
3. School of Finance, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430064, China)
 
Abstract: Based on panel data for 141 renewable energy listed companies in China from 2005 to 2016, the study constructs the variable intercept models with fixed and random effects to measure how renewable energy investment affects national employment, renewable energy and traditional energy industry employment, and how renewable energy investment influences employment through amount, structure and technology paths, explores the contribution of investment behaviors in different industries such as solar energy, geothermal energy, biomass energy, hydro energy and wind energy to renewable energy industry employment, and further uses regression discontinuity model to estimate the effect of renewable energy policy. The results are shown as follows. Firstly, renewable energy investment can promote national employment and renewable energy industry employment, but inhibit traditional energy industry employment. Secondly, renewable energy investment promotes national employment through technology and structure paths by coefficients of 0.011 and 0.020 respectively, but inhibits national employment through amount path by a coefficient of -0.032; in addition, renewable energy investment promotes renewable energy and traditional energy industry employment through the industrial structure and economic growth paths, but inhibits the two major industries’ employment through technology path. Thirdly, during the sample period, to a certain extent, the policies concerning levying, using, and managing the Renewable Energy Development Fund have amplified the contribution of renewable energy investment to renewable energy industry employment, reflecting the effectiveness of renewable energy policy implementation in China.
 
Key words: renewable energy investment; employment; economic growth; industrial structure
 
 
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