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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年03月第25卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)02-0127-09
 
市场化、社会网络与一般信任
 
韩彦超
 
(复旦大学社会学系,上海,200433)
 
摘  要: 以往研究发现,社会网络有利于网络成员之间特殊信任的形成,却对一般信任的发展有阻碍作用。然而利用中国综合社会调查(CGSS2012)和中国分省份市场化指数报告两个数据库,通过二元logistic回归以及多层次回归分析,发现社会网络可以提升个体的一般信任水平,在市场化程度较低的地区这一效应尤其明显。造成与以往研究结果不同的原因是,社会网络作为一种社会资本是个体获取社会资源的重要渠道,拥有更多的社会资源可以使个体拥有更强的应对风险的能力,从而促进一般信任的发展。随着市场化的发展,社会网络的这一效应会被削弱。在中国只有社会网络中的强关系才可以构成社会资本,从而促进一般信任的发展。
 
关键词: 市场化;社会网络;一般信任
 
 
Marketization, social network and general trust
 
HAN Yanchao
 
(Department of Sociology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)
 
Abstract: Previous studies have found that social networks are conducive to the formation of trust among individuals within the network, but hinder the trust of others outside the network. Different from this, this essay, by employing the two databases of CGSS2012 and Chinese provincial marketization index, and by analyzing binary logistic regression and multilevel regression, finds that social network can enhance general trust for individuals, which is particularly remarkable in areas with a lower degree of marketization. The reasons for such differences lie in that social network, as a kind of social capital, is an important channel for the individuals to acquire social resources, and that more social resources can entitle the individuals stronger ability to deal with risks so as to promote the development of general trust. However with the development of the market, the effect of the social network will be weakened. At the same time, in China, only strong relations in social network can constitute social capital to promote the development of individual general trust.
 
Key words: marketization; social network; general trust
 
 
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