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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年11月第23卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)06-0145-07
 
诗与城:玛丽安·摩尔的纽约叙事
 
刘秀玉
 
(辽宁大学外国语学院,辽宁沈阳,110136)
 
摘  要: 美国现代文学与城市发展有着密切的关联,文学家、作品与城市的关系成为美国现代文学史上一个特殊命题。美国现代主义女诗人玛丽安·摩尔一生中创作了一些有代表性的纽约诗作,文章将其划分为具有不同叙事倚重的三个阶段:① 积极寻求都市身份定位的早期叙事;② 充分展现现代审美多元性的中期叙事;③ 与城市精神融为一体的晚期叙事。摩尔的纽约叙事既是创作者个体城市经验的凝练与升华,也寄寓了一个时代的现代主义诗歌理想,丰盈和拓展了美国城市文学的表达空间,同时也为正处于城市化进程中的中国文学创作提供了参考  范例。
 
关键词: 玛丽安·摩尔;纽约叙事;身份认同;城市精神
 
 
Poetry and the city: Marianne Moore’s New York narration
 
LIU Xiuyu
 
(College of Foreign Studies, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110136, China)
 
Abstract: Modern American literature is closely connected with urban development. Therefore, the relationship among writers, works and cities has become a specific proposition in modern American literary history. Marianne Moore, a leading female poet in modern American literature, has written some important poems about New York City. Based on her different narrative focuses, the present essay divides Moore’s New York poems into three periods: the early period in pursuit of urban identity, the middle period of diversified aesthetic expression, and the final period of the unity with the metropolitan spirit. Moore’s New York poetic narration interprets the subtle relationship between the poetess’ career and urban culture, displays the modern poetic idealism of a certain time in the 20th-century America and broadens the horizon of American unban literature. It also has some implications to Chinese literature in the course of urbanization.
 
Key words: Marianne Moore; New York narration; identity; metropolitan spirit
 
 
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