自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年09月第23卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览1894次    下载1517次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2017)05-0196-07
 
跨方言比较视角下汉语量词显赫功能及动因
 
高亚楠
 
(沈阳航空航天大学国际教育学院,辽宁沈阳,110136)
 
摘  要: 汉语量词是显赫范畴:语义层面,它是集计数单位、分类、色彩和指称功能于一身的包容体;句法层面,它在特定条件下几乎能够独立充当所有的句法成分。各方言显赫层次为“粤语、吴语、闽语 > 湘语、客家话、官话、赣语 > 徽语、平话、晋语”。量词显赫性是民族语言接触和语言自身发展共同作用的结果,汉民族辩证、整体而模糊的认知心理是其功能显赫的内驱力。
 
关键词: 量词多功能性;词类显赫;跨方言比较;文化驱动
 
 
The mighty function and motivation of Chinese classifier in the perspective of cross-dialect comparison
 
GAO Yanan
 
(School of International Education, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110036, China)
 
Abstract: Chinese classifier is a mighty category. At the semantic level, it is a unit with such functions as measuring, classifying, coloring, and referring. At the level of syntax, it can almost serve as all syntactic components independent in certain conditions, even independent sentences. At the mighty level, dialect classifier chains are "Yue dialects, Wu dialect, Min dialect > Xiang dialect, Hakka dialect, Northern dialect, Gan dialect > Hui dialect, Pinghua dialect, Jin Dialect." The mighty function of Chinese classifiers results from the combined action of exposure of national language and development of the language itself, with the cultural dialectical characteristics of Chinese nation, overall and vague cognition as its internal drive.
 
Key words: multi function of Chinese classifier; mighty word classes; cross dialects comparison; culture driven
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号-4