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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年09月第23卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)05-0160-06
 
再现黑人经验的“完整视野”——论查尔斯·约翰逊的黑人哲理小说观
 
陈后亮,贾彦艳
 
(华中科技大学外国语学院,湖北武汉,430074)
 
摘  要: 当代美国非裔作家查尔斯·约翰逊的黑人哲理小说观既受到约翰·加德纳的道德小说观的影响,同时又融合了他自己的哲学和宗教思想。在约翰逊看来,20世纪70年代的黑人文学已经陷入停滞状态,在形式和内容上都需要一些变革方能继续向前发展,而他所说的黑人哲理小说能够让黑人文学重新焕发生机。他拒绝把黑人小说简化为哲学公式或政治宣传工具,反对带着任何先入为主的观念去“嵌套”写作对象,也反对从本质主义的视角出发关注狭隘的种族政治问题,而是倡导从多元文化中吸取营养,开创一种再现黑人生活经验的“完整视野”。
 
关键词: 查尔斯·约翰逊;黑人哲理小说;种族政治;黑人美学
 
 
Representing black experience with “Whole Sight”: A general review of Charles Johnson’s concept of philosophical black fiction
 
CHEN Houliang, JIA Yanyan
 
(School of Foreign Languages, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China)
 
Abstract: Raised by contemporary African American novelist Charles Johnson, philosophical black fiction is a particular literary category with rich and unique aesthetic merits, which results from his applying philosophical and spiritual thinking to the innovation of black literary creation under the guidance of John Gardner’s moral fiction. From Johnson’s viewpoint, black fiction had already run into a stagnation by the 1970s, and changes must be made both in literary forms and contents to promote its development, while his philosophical black fiction is such a promotion. With its rejection to any reduction of literature to philosophical doctrine or political propaganda, and its rejection to representing the object with preoccupied assumption, it refuses to narrow down its concerns over racial politics from an essentialist point of view, and argues for a multicultural aesthetics to bring out a “whole-sight” representation of black experience.
 
Key words: Charles Johnson; philosophical black fiction; racial politics; black aesthetics
 
 
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