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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年09月第23卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览2005次    下载941次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2017)05-0007-07
 
《莱茵报》时期马克思的社会权力思想
 
潘乐
 
(复旦大学哲学学院,上海,200433)
 
摘  要: 马克思的社会权力思想是历史唯物主义思想的重要环节。这一思想发端于他在《莱茵报》时期的社会实践。在《莱茵报》时期,尽管马克思的哲学基础依然是黑格尔法哲学原则,但是随着对社会现实了解的逐渐深入,马克思发现了法权背后的、决定着法律的非理性基础。这种非理性的基础表现为特殊等级的特权,而特权最终又归结为物质利益关系。由此,马克思发现了一种前理性的客观关系,它决定着个人利益与普遍利益在政治上的极端对立。这种关系就是社会权力,它是一种人对于人的支配关系。
 
关键词: 社会权力;物质利益;法哲学;自由出版;社会现实
 
 
Marx's thought of social power in the period of Rhine Newspaper
 
PAN Le
 
(School of Philosophy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)
 
Abstract: Marx's thought of social power is an important part of historical materialism, which began from his social practice in Rhine Newspaper. In this period, Marx's philosophical foundation was still Hegel's philosophy of law, but with the gradual deepening of social reality, Marx discovered the legal irrationality which hid behind the legal right and determined law. And the basis for such irrationality is a special class privilege and privilege which can be attributed to relation among material interests. So, Marx discovered an pre-rational objective relationship, which determines the personal interests and the common interests in politics of extreme opposition. This kind of relation is the relation of the social power, one of domination of one person over another.
 
Key words: social power; material interests; philosophy of right; free publication; social reality
 
 
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