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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年05月第23卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)03-0020-07
 
生命拯救是可能的吗?——论米歇尔·亨利生命拯救理论的困境
 
刘少明
 
(武汉大学哲学学院,湖北武汉, 430072)
 
摘  要: 当代法国现象学家米歇尔·亨利认为生命已经在形式主义、整体主义和历史主义中被异化。为了回归本真的生命,对生命进行拯救,就必须对这三者进行批判和抛弃。但形式主义中的科学技术虽然从理论形式上脱离了生命的先验地位,但是仍然在不断地释放着生命的能量。政治经济学的形式主义最终仍将给个体生命以间接的物质与精神财富。信息传播在让主体的体验形式化与虚无化的同时,也让主体生命的感受能力在提升。整体主体虽然在叙述上抛弃了个体生命,但生命主体仍然吸收着它的有利成果在继续扩大和延伸自己的感受能力。历史主义表面上将历史形式化,抛弃了个体生命的内在历史,但其目的往往带有更深刻的对于主体生命的关注。因此,简单地对三者进行批判和抛弃并不能拯救生命本身,反而有可能是一种对生命的反对,进入生命拯救的困境。
 
关键词: 米歇尔·亨利;生命;拯救;形式主义;整体主义;历史主义
 
 
Is saving life possible?——On the dilemma of Michel Henry’s theory of saving life
 
LIU Shaoming
 
(School of Philosophy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract: As the modern French phenomenologist Michel Henry believes, life has been alienated in the formalism, collectivism and historicism. To go back to the authenticity of life and save life, we should criticize and discard the three, which are obstacles of saving life. However, as one of the formalism, science and the technology break away from the transcendental position in view of the form, but they still constantly release the energy of the life. As another formalism, political economy will at last give indirectly material and spiritual wealth. At the same time, the spread of information has been criticized in that it has caused the formalizing and nihilism of the experience, but it has still enhanced the ability of the auto-affection of the life. Even though collectivism throws the individual away in terms of the narrative, the subjectivity of the life still absorbs the good result of it and continues to expand and extend its ability of the auto-affection. At last, historicism seemingly formalizes the history and throws the internal history of life away, but its aim always pays some intentions to the life. All in all, simply criticizing and discarding the three obstacles not only fail to save life, but also may cause the result of negation of life, and at last lead into a dilemma.
 
Key words: Michel Henry; life; saving; formalism; collectivism; historicism
 
 
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