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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年05月第23卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)03-0007-06
 
恩格斯与马克思对黑格尔辩证法的颠倒是否一致?
 
方瑞
 
(吉林大学哲学基础理论研究中心暨哲学社会学院,吉林长春,130012)
 
摘  要: 破除西方学界制造的马克思与恩格斯“两个主义”的对立,关键在澄清“马克思与恩格斯对于颠倒黑格尔辩证法的工作是否一致”这一问题。基于对黑格尔哲学评价中的一致看法,马克思与恩格斯以破除黑格尔的唯心主义体系为目标,将黑格尔辩证法的革命性质和真正规律分别运用到对社会历史领域和自然领域的研究中去,完成了对黑格尔辩证法的彻底颠倒。他们始终把“工业和科学实验”这一重要的活动方式作为清除黑格尔辩证法中思辨玄想的武器,以工业和科学实验去证明黑格尔辩证法中的合理形式的正确性,从而为人类确立了科学的世界图景。由于西方马克思主义者们没有把“工业和科学实验”这一重要的活动方式作为彻底颠倒黑格尔辩证法的有力武器,最终得出的“马恩对立”的结论,也只能是“意识的空想”和“哲学上的怪论”。
 
关键词: 恩格斯;马克思;黑格尔;彻底颠倒;辩证法;实践
 
 
Is Engels’ reversal of Hegel’s dialectics the same as Marx’s reversal ?
 
FANG Rui
 
(Center for Fundamentals of Philosophy & School of Philosophy and Society, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)
 
Abstract: To eliminate “the opposition of Marxism and Engelsism” which is brought about by western academic world, the key is to clarify whether Engels’ reversal of Hegel’s dialectics is the same as Marx’s. Based on their agreement on the evaluation of Hegel’s philosophy, Marx and Engels aim at breaking down Hegel’s idealism system, applying the revolutionary nature and true rules of Hegel’s dialectics to the research of social-historical area and nature domain in order to achieve the complete reversal of Hegel’s dialectics. They always treat the important mode of activities, industrial and scientific experiment, as the weapon to eliminate the speculative illusion in Hegel’s dialectics. Marx and Engels prove the correctness of reasonable form in Hegel’s dialectics with industrial and scientific experiment for the purpose of establishing a scientific world vision for humanity. Western Marxists fail to use the important mode of activities, industrial and scientific experiment, as the powerful weapon to reverse Hegel’s dialectics, therefore the conclusion of opposition of Marx and Engels is just “mental fantasy” or “philosophical absurd”.
 
Key words: Engels; Marx; Hegel; complete reversal; dialectics; practice
 
 
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