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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年04月第22卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2016)02-0166-08
 
晚清至民国初期的实验性书写——易顺鼎对七古文体的突破与革新
 
郑学
 
(南开大学文学院,天津,300071)
 
摘  要: 晚清民国诗人易顺鼎通过对诗歌语言的丰富探索,最大程度地变革了传统诗歌的外在语言形式,突破和发展了七古诗体。他以韩愈、卢仝为参照,依靠文体迁移,移植散文、辞赋中非诗的文体特征入诗,大量增入长句和四六句,建构出全新的音步节奏,具有流畅雄肆、痛快淋漓的美学特征。这次文体革新是由文学风格和语言形式的小幅变化积累而成的,其创新动力既来自诗坛代际交替过程中的集体选择,也来自易顺鼎本人强调创作主体个性的诗学观念和不安于正统意识的性格特征。王闿运、陈三立等师友对易顺鼎的探索过程影响较大。
 
关键词: 易顺鼎;七古文体;韩愈;王闿运
 
 
Experimental writing in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic: The breakthrough and innovation of Seven-character-ancient-verse by Yi Shun-ding
 
ZHENG Xue
 
(School of Chinese Studies, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China)
 
Abstract: In the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic, the famous poet Yi Shun-ding changed the traditional external linguistic forms of poetry to the greatest extent and developed the Seven-character-ancient-verse. By refering to Han Yu and Lu Tong, Yi Shun-ding transplanted the non-poetry characteristics of prose into poems, using long sentences and creating new rhythm, which forms the aesthetic features of great fluency and eloquence. Such stylistic innovation is accumulated with the small changes of literary style and linguistic forms. The innovative impetus comes partly from poets’ collective choice of generation-alternating, and also from Yi Shun-ding’s poetic principles which stress the composer’s individuality and unorthodox character. In the process, his teachers and friends Wang Kai-yun and Chen San-li influenced him a lot.
 
Key words: Yi Shun-ding; Seven-character-ancient-verse; Han Yu; Wang Kai-yun
 
 
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