自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年04月第22卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览1561次    下载705次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2016)02-0008-05
 
论技术理性与现代技术风险
 
欧庭高,何发钦
 
(湖南大学哲学研究所,湖南长沙,410082;湖南大学马克思主义学院,湖南长沙,410082)
 
摘  要: 社会理论对风险的研究引发了广泛关注,但对深层的技术风险一直缺乏有效的探索。技术风险受技术理性主导和制约,引导着风险演绎的发展历程。理性对自然的把握,历经着从服从自然到控制自然的转变,既促进技术的发明和创造,又促进技术理性的产生和发展。理性和技术的结合,在于控制危险,但实质还凸显着技术理性,进而导致技术风险的产生。技术理性的兴起和扩张,不断地构建技术风险,演变出现代技术风险,使社会呈现出前风险社会、传统技术风险社会和现代技术风险社会的发展历程。现代技术风险隐藏着用风险技术来控制技术风险的复杂结构和庞大系统,导致传统制度化的风险评估体系失效,使技术理性和风险治理走入困境。这就迫切地需要人类学会与风险相处,从人与自然和谐及顺应自然的智慧中梳理出风险治理的突破点。
 
关键词: 风险;危险;技术理性;风险技术;现代技术风险
 
 
On technological rationality and modern technology risk
 
OU Tinggao, HE Faqin
 
(Graduate Institute of Philosophy, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China;
College of Marxism, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China)
 
Abstract: The social theory has caused widespread concern in the research of risk, but has not received effective exploration in the research of the deep technology risk. Technology risk, dominated by the technology rationality, guides the development of the risk. The grasp of rationality over nature has changed from obeying the nature to controlling the nature, which promotes not only the invention and creation of technology, but also the production and development of technological rationality. The combination of reason and technology results in the control of danger, but it also highlights the technological rationality, which leads to the production of technical risk. The rise and expansion of technological rationality constantly builds technological risks and evolves into modern technological risks, making the development of society into the pre-risk society, traditional technology risk society and modern technology risk society. The risk of modern technology, as a complex structure and a huge system used to control the risk of technology, causes failure of the traditional system of risk assessment and renders the technical rationality and risk management into a dilemma. Therefore, there is an urgent need for human society to learn to coexist with risk, finding the breakthrough point in the wisdom of risk governance of obeying the nature and harmony between man and nature.
 
Key words: risk; danger; technological rationality; risk technology; modern technology risk
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号-4