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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2016年08月第22卷第4期
   
本文已被:浏览1030次    下载611次   在线阅读361
文章编号:1672-3104(2016)04-0032-07
 
必要共同犯罪概念的体系化构造
 
熊亚文
 
(厦门大学法学院,福建厦门,361005)
 
摘  要: 理论和实践对我国刑法必要共同犯罪概念的认识,基本还停留在德、日刑法必要共犯概念上,二者的混同已然导致了一系列水土不服的现象。事实上,基于中外刑法犯罪论体系、共同犯罪理论及立法的差异,我国刑法必要共同犯罪概念与德、日刑法必要共犯概念存在本质区别,二者乃处于不同层次的两个不同概念。必要共同犯罪实际上仅相当于必要共犯分类下“纯正的必要共犯”,至于“不纯正的必要共犯”则应属于任意共同犯罪范畴。若依此对必要共同犯罪概念进行体系化构造,则可使其司法适用难题迎刃而解。
 
关键词: 必要共同犯罪;必要共犯;对向犯;聚众犯
 
 
Systematic construction of the concept of essential joint crime
 
XIONG Yawen
 
(Law School, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)
 
Abstract: In both theory and practice, the knowledge of the concept of essential joint crime in Chinese criminal law still stays at the concept of essential joint offense in German and Japanese criminal law. In fact, based on the differences between Chinese and foreign criminal law criminology systems, the theories and legislations, there are essential differences between the two concepts in that they are two different concepts at different levels. Essential joint crime is actually equivalent to “pure essential joint offense,” which is a category under the concept of essential joint offense, while the “impure essential joint offense” should belong to any common crime. If we construct the concept of essential joint crime in this way, its problems of the judicial application can be solved successfully.
 
Key words: essential joint crime; essential joint offense; mutual offense; mod offense
 
 
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