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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年10月第21卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)05-0190-08
 
唐诗廊意象的意涵及审美功能探析
 
石润宏
 
(南京师范大学文学院,江苏南京,210097)
 
摘  要: 唐诗中的廊意象,因为廊的悠长、通透等建筑学特性,而含有闺怨与怀古、孤寂与落寞、幽隐与安闲的丰富意涵,这些意涵反映了诗人不同的心绪。也因为廊的这些建筑学特性,诗人在廊下漫步时往往多有诗兴。廊与动词、形容词的组合运用,丰富了唐诗的语汇,使唐诗的美感更为出彩。园林学中的廊还具有“借景”的审美功能,体现了古人移远就近的空间意识。这一功能在唐诗中多有体现,并生发出了“意余于象”的空间美学效果。
 
关键词: 廊;唐诗;意象;意涵;审美;功能
 
 
On the aesthetic function of porch images in thepoems of Tang Dynasty
 
SHI Runhong
 
(School of Literature, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China)
 
Abstract: Because of the architecture characteristics of porch, the porch images have rich connotation in the poems of Tang Dynasty, such as boudoir repinings, loneliness and desolation, seclusion and leisure. Also because of this reason, poets strolling along the porch are more sentimental and poetic. Porch images are often used together with verbs and adjectives so that the beauty of those poems is more effective. Porch has a kind of function called “Jie jing (借景)”, which means drawing on the scenery from a distance. This function, reflected more in the poems of Tang Dynasty, shows the space consciousness of ancient Chinese, and issues an aesthetic effect called “Yi yu yu xiang(意余于象)”, that is, evoking certain meaning through images.
 
Key words: porch; poems of Tang Dynasty; image; implication; sesthetic; function
 
 
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