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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年10月第21卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)05-0086-08
 
环境资源代际信托的权利基础及其制度属性
 
杨清望,陶华强
 
(中南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410083;中共宜章县委党校,湖南郴州,424200)
 
摘  要: 环境资源保护的权利基础是一个动态的演变过程,在“风险社会”下发展为“后代人生活和发展模式选择权”。当代人对后代人享有环境资源权利所负有的保有义务,信托制度发展的新动向决定了建立环境资源代际信托法律制度的必然性和可能性。这种新型的环境资源代际信托具有公益信托、宣言信托、他益信托、积极信托、不可撤销信托的多重属性,由此有效解决了环境资源代际信托法律制度建构面临的“双向互惠性特征”“信托财产扩大化”和“后代人身份不确定”三大难题,并从根本上决定了制度建构的基本要求。
 
关键词: 环境资源;代际信托;生活和发展模式选择权;制度属性
 
 
On the foundation of rights and the characteristics of intergenerational trust of environmental resources
 
YANG Qingwang, TAO Huaqiang
 
(School of Law, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
Party School of Yizhang County Committee of the C.P.C., Chenzhou 424200, China)
 
Abstract: The foundation of rights of intergenerational trust of environmental resources is a dynamic evoluving process towards “selective rights of living and developing patterns of later generations” in “risk society.” The contemporaries shoulder obligations to preserve environmental resources for later generations, and new developing trends in trust system provide theoretical as well as practical inevitability and probability for constructing legal mechanisms of intergenerational trust of environmental resources. This new type of intergenerational trust of environmental resources bear many features including charitable trust, declaration trust, altruistic trust, active trust, and irreversible trust. These features help solve effectively three difficulties in the legal construction of the intergenerational trust of environmental resources, namely, mutual reciprocity, the enlargement of the trusted property, and the uncertainty of the identity of the next generation, hence resolving essentially the basic requirements for the construction of the system.
 
Key words: environmental resources; intergenerational trust; the selective rights of living and developing patterns; the characteristics of institution
 
 
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