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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年10月第20卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)05-0088-08
 
城乡一体化进程中土地流转之主体与流转效益的调查研究——基于湖南省宁乡县关山模式的调查
 
吴晓林,胡柳
 
(中南大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 土地的合理流转,是盘活农村土地和劳动力资源、推进城乡一体化的核心问题。湖南省宁乡县金洲镇以土地流转为龙头,形成城乡一体化“内源性”发展的“关山模式”。他们区别对待两种用地类型:对农用地实施统一整理、集体入社,流出经营;对建设用地实施节约指标、有偿转让,置换集居。保证农民获得“租金”“股金”“薪金”和“保障金”等稳定收入,通过土地专业合作社和居委会协调土地流转并经营土地,保证了农民的主体地位;政府的土地规划以及政策引导和服务、企业投资保证了土地增值和经济发展。土地流转推动了城乡一体化的规划对接、基础设施升级、经济效益持续增长等“三重效果”。但是,土地流转过程中仍然面临“部分农民抵触、企业投资成本上涨、流转风险潜存”等障碍。总体而言,推动土地流转应当立足现实,保证农民收益、进行城乡资本的联结。
 
关键词: 城乡一体化;土地流转;城乡互惠;公共资源配置;土地产权;有偿转让
 
 
Research on the subject relationship and effect of the land transferring in the process of urban-rural integration——Based on the research of the Guanshan model of Ningxiang County in Hunan Province
 
WU Xiaolin, HU Liu
 
(School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: The rational circulation of land is a core issue of activating the resources of land and labor in rural areas and promoting urban and rural development. In Jinzhou town of Ningxiang County, Hunan Province, circulation of land is served as the flagship, a “Guanshan model”, which takes inner power to promote the urban and rural development was built .Two kinds of land there in Guanshan are treated differently: the farmland is being integrated consistently, united collectively and operated freely, accordingly, saved budgets; paid transfers and trans-positional settlements are also being practiced on the construction land. Through coordinating the land circulation and management by professional cooperatives and residents’ committees, the farmers can take the stable income like “rents”, “capital”, “salary” and “security”. Therefore, the farmer’s main body status is guaranteed. As to the local government, integrated planning, policy guidance and related services have been provided for the process. Jinzhou Town has made several achievements, just like the Triple Benefit from three parts——planning and docking the urban-rural integration, upgrading the infrastructures and growing the economic benefits sustainably. But the land circulation process still faces such obstacles as the resistance from partial peasant, the rise of corporate investment costs and potential transfer risk. In general, to promote the land circulation should be based on reality to ensure the farmers’ income and bind the urban and rural capital.
 
Key words: urban-rural integration; circulation of land; urban-rural mutual; allocation of public resources; property right of land; paid transfer
 
 
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