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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年06月第20卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)03-0186-06
 
“五四”现代爱情观念的确立与启蒙思想的限度
 
冯妮
 
(上海交通大学人文学院,上海,200240)
 
摘  要: 出于对民国危机的深刻理解,“五四”一代知识分子以“自我”为依托,以“伦理革命”为手段,由此构建出一套以自由、平等、灵肉合一为原则的现代爱情话语。不过,这一新生的现代主体也暴露出其局限:一方面,两性的平等自由必须经由个体的自我立法与自我约束,新的恋爱法则才有可能成为一种新的道德-伦理秩序,“人格之爱”才有可能;另一方面,在与落后、腐败的社会结构和等级化的权力关系发生碰撞的过程中,以都市小资产阶级知识分子为想象和模板的主体不可避免地遭遇到挫败与打击。对这些问题的探索,从内部催生了从“文学革命”到“革命文学”的变革。
 
关键词: 现代爱情观念;五四;启蒙;新文学
 
 
The establishment of the concept of modern love and the limitation of the Enlightment Project
 
FENG Ni
 
(School of Humanities, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China)
 
Abstract: The absorption of the thought of modern subject by the May Fourth Movement (1919) responds to the political crisis of the early Republic. In the project of May Fourth thought, China has to create the discourse of modern love based on the combination of liberty, equality and most importantly, modern self. However, the modern self reveals its inner limitation from the very beginning of its creation. On the one hand, the modern love though can’t be directed towards a proper ethical order unless certain refrains are posed upon itself. On the other hand, with the collision with the backward environment, the subjective urban petty bourgeoisie are bound to fail because of their immaturity. The consideration of all these problems leads to the transition from literary revolution to revolutionary literature.
 
Key words: Modern love; May Fourth; Enlightment; New Literature
 
 
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