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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年06月第20卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览1873次    下载723次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2014)03-0120-07
 
论行政主体的不当得利返还请求权
——从行政奖励被撤销后的利益追索说开去
 
黄先雄
 
(中南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 在当今给付行政时代,行政相对人从行政主体处获得不当得利的情形已大量出现。行政主体如何追索这些不当得利,我国大陆立法上并无明确规定,理论上的探讨也较少。参酌域外公法上返还请求权制度,在有授权的情况下,行政主体可以凭借自身的公权力直接对行政相对人采取强制返还措施。否则,应当通过诉讼获得返还。不过,基于信赖保护原则、衡平法理和时效等因素,行政主体的不当得利返还请求权应受到一定程度的限制。
 
关键词: 不当得利;返还请求权;行政主体;公法
 
 
The power of administrative organization on restitution of unjust enrichment
 
HUANG Xianxiong
 
(Law school of Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: In the era of benefit administration, the phenomenon that administrative counterparts get unjust enrichment from administrative organizations emerges in large numbers. About how the ministrative organizations to recover these unjust enrichment, it is not explicitly stated in our legislation, and there are few papers in this regard. Considering the system on restitution of unjust enrichment from Germany, Japan and Taiwan, in the cases that administrative organizations are expressly or impliedly authorized by law, measures can be taken to force administrative counterparts returning the unjust enrichment; otherwise they can only sue. Meanwhile the power of forcing administrative counterparts returning the unjust enrichment must be restricted to a certain extent because of many causes, such as the trust protection principle, the balance theory and time limit.
 
Key words: unjust enrichment; the power on restitution of unjust enrichment; administrative organization; public law
 
 
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