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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2012年10月第18卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2012)05-0051-05
 
文化语境的嬗变与生产主体的选择
--论20世纪90年代文学生产机制的建立
 
卢衍鹏
 
(枣庄学院文学院,山东枣庄,277160;
南京师范大学文学院,江苏南京,210097)
 
摘  要: 20世纪90年代延续并改造了80年代的文化逻辑,其文化语境是“以经济建设为中心”的国家意识形态辐射至文学生产领域,实用主义、功利意识取代精神启蒙和理想主义,市场法则取代晕轮效应,文学市场由卖方市场变为买方市场。文学生产主体包括以“单位”为代表的组织化生产和以“自由撰稿人”为代表的个体化生产,在博弈中相互交流、渗透、交叉,表征着写作者的分化与知识分子的选择,彰显出该年代文学生产机制的丰富性、复杂性和延展性。
 
关键词: 文学生产机制;文化语境;生产主体;20世纪90年代文学
 
 
Context of culture and the change of the choice of the subject
-Literary Production Mechanism In the 1990s
 
LU Yanpeng
 
(Chinese Department of Zaozhuang College, Zaozhuang 277160, China;
College of Literature, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, china)
 
Abstract: In the process of establishing of the ninety’s literary production mechanism, context of culture evolution and the production of the main choice are of special significance. Ninety’s continuation and transformation of the eighty’s cultural logic, of which cultural context is “taking economic construction as the center” of the national ideology is amplified and extended to the field of literary production. The market rules replace the halo effect, starting to dominate and control status. The literary market gradually taking the place by seller’s market change becomes buyer’s market. The main existing forms of literary production, of which the “unit” is taken as the representative of the organized production and “freelance” as the representative of the individual production are the most important two aspects, as featuring a writer’s differentiation and the intellectuals’ choices.
 
Key words: Literature production mechanism; Cultural context; Production main body; Literature in 1990s
 
 
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