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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2011年12月第17卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2011)06-0011-07
 
快速城市化背景下的农民工住房问题
 
龙树国
 
(东北大学工商管理学院,辽宁沈阳,110819)
 
摘  要: 农民工促进了我国城市化的快速发展,城市化的进一步深化仍然有赖于农民工的贡献,但住房问题已成为农民工市民化的障碍。运用改进的斯加思塔人口迁移成本收益净现值模型和统计数据分析影响农民工迁移的因素,发现城乡绝对收入差距是农民工进城的主要动机,各地区生活成本的差异将影响农民工在不同地区的迁移,住房是影响农民工迁移的一个重要因素。日益严重的农民工住房问题有可能加速刘易斯拐点的到来。政府可通过多种途径解决农民工的住房问题,引导产业转移,加快小城镇建设,促进人口重新分布是一个重要思路。
 
关键词: 城市化;农民工;迁移;住房;市民化;小城镇
 
 
Housing problems of migrant workers in the rapid urbanization
 
LONG Shuguo
 
(School of Business Administration, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110819 China)
 
Abstract: Migrant workers have promoted the rapid development of urbanization in China. Deepening of urbanization still depends on contribution of migrant workers, but the housing problem has remained the obstacles to transformation from migrant workers to residents. To make use of the improved model of population migration cost-benefit NPV from Sjaastad and statistical data to analyze the factors that affect the migration of migrant workers, we found that the absolute income gap between urban residents and rural residents is the main motivation of peasant workers migrating. Differences of the cost of living in each region will impact where the peasant workers to go to some extent and, housing is one of the most important factors influencing migrant workers’ migration. The increasingly serious housing problems of migrant workers could accelerate the arrival of Lewisian Turning Point. The government can solve the housing problems of migrant workers in many ways, such as guiding industrial transfer, accelerating the construction of small towns, promoting population redistribution, which is an important approach of thought.
 
Key words: urbanization; migrant workers; migration; housing; citizenization; small towns
 
 
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