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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2007年12月第13卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览4051次    下载1368次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2007)06−0726−04
 
两汉时期的荆州刺史为何不治江陵
 
方珂
 
(西南大学历史地理研究所,重庆,400715)
 
摘  要: 两汉之际荆州的治所所在地,先治汉寿,后迁襄阳。而作为南方重镇的江陵却未理所当然地成为治所所在。这其中有着政治和军事方面的各种复杂而现实的原因。第一,从政治地理上来看,除荆州外十一州之治所都在长江以北,因此荆州治所落户长江以南,是一个重要的政治标示。从地缘政治看,江陵、长沙这两个侯国存在着的政治影响,汉庭不可能让它脱离中央政府控制之外。第二,从江陵的城池史来看,由于江陵被灭楚之战破坏得相当厉害,失去了故郢昔日的光彩。第三,从军事上来看,西汉荆州南方战事频繁,所以治汉寿;东汉后期北方势危,治所北移襄阳,与现实的军政形势密切相关。
 
关键词: 荆州刺史; 治所;江陵; 汉朝
 
 
Why Jingzhou's prefectural governors of Han Dynasty not establishing a capital in Jiangling
 
FANG Ke
 
(Institute of Historical Gepgraphy, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
 
Abstract: This article describes the change of JingZhou’s capital from the Western Han Dynasty to the Eastern Han Dynasty. The southern famous town——JiangLing was not selected as the capital, which indicates many complex and realistic factors.First,oberserving from politic’s geograph, eleven region capitals lay on north side of the Changjiang River, so Jingzhou’s capital, which lay on south side of the Changjiang River, was of very important politic’s signification. Second, Jiangling had been severely damaged by the war which Qin Kingdom attacked Chu Kingdom. Third, the Western Han Dynasty when many suffered a gerat deal from wars in the south of China. Jingzhou’s capital located at Hanshou; the Eastern Han Dynasty’s of wars happened in the north of China and Jingzhou’s capital located at Xiangyang, which contacted osculately with actual pilitical and military circumstance.
 
Key words: Jingzhou prefectural governor; capital; Jiangling; Han Dynasty
 
 
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