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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2010年06月第16卷第4期
   
本文已被:浏览3221次    下载1153次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2010)04-0095-06
 
美国工业化时期未婚女性就业骤兴的原因探析
 
杨静
 
(东北师范大学历史文化学院,吉林长春,130024)
 
摘  要: 19世纪末20世纪初,在美国工业化与城市化的推动下,美国社会初步实现了从传统农业社会向现代化工业社会的巨大转型,并由此产生了大量就业机会。与此同时,在众多海内外女性移民涌向城市以及经济压力和自我价值实现等因素的共同作用下,美国女性迅速进入不断扩大的劳动力市场。然而,由于当时美国社会传统的家庭观以及“共和国母亲”等妇女观对已婚女性的严重束缚,最终形成了美国转型时期以未婚女性为主体的女性就业高潮。
 
关键词: 美国;工业化;城市化;社会转型;未婚女性;就业
 
 
An Analysis of the Causes for the Rise of Unmarried Women’s Employment in America during the late Nineteenth and

early Twentieth Centuries

 
YANG Jing
 
(School of History and Culture, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China)
 
Abstract: From the late 19th century to the early 20th centuries, the United States experienced a significant social transition from a traditional agricultural culture to a modern industrial society. This transformation created many opportunities for female employment. During this period many female immigrant from both the American countryside and foreign nations moved to the US. Hoping to escape financial pressures or achieve self-worth, a large number of these women rapidly entered the ever-expanding labor market. However, due to the traditional restrictions on married women, many of these working women remained unmarried, thus becaming a major portion of the labor force during the Gilded Age.
 
Key words: the U.S.A; industrialization; urbanization; social transition; unmarried women; employment
 
 
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