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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2003年02月第9卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2003)01-0076-05
 
针对“非常福利” 缺陷的国有企业改革
 
聂正安,谷汉文
 
(湖南商学院经济研究所,湖南长沙,410205;湖南商学院工商管理系,湖南长沙,410205)
 
摘  要: 国有企业的 “非常福利” 及其谋求“非常福利”的行为倾向,衍生于僵化的“福利保障” “终身雇用” 和“铁饭碗” 体制。自 “改革开放”以后, 伴随权利“分享格局” 的形成,国有企业的“非常福利”倾向更趋严重,致使国有企业曾一度陷于普遍的亏损困境。在目前条件下,国有企业改革的重要方面之一,是解除“铁饭碗” 体制,重构劳动就业关系,实现“福利保障”社会化。
 
关键字: 国有企业; “非常福利”; “身份置换”
 
 
Defect of the special welfare
and reform of the state-owned enterprises
 
NIE Zheng-an,GU Han-wen
 
(Economics Research Institute, Hunan Business College, Changsha 410205, China;
Department of Business and Management, Hunan Business College, Changsha 410205, China)
 
Abstract: Since the state-owned enterprises were set up, they have been taking on the extra work of providing “welfare & security” and lifelong employment for the working class. Soon afterwards, the permanent employment system has led to “iron rice bowl-a secure job” system. All of these were formed in the political processes, further more, the welfare beyond the ordinary - “out of the ordinary welfare ”and the “self-service” gave rise to a particular structure of social relations within the state-owned enterprises and got state-owned enterprises trapped in an unfavorable situation. We hold that the state-owned enterprises should reform the “welfare & security” “iron rice bowl-a secure job” and employment system.
 
Key words: state-owned enterprise; special welfare; status replacement
 
 
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