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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年08月第11卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2005)04-0497-04
 
论李东阳的仕宦意识
 
薛泉
 
(武汉大学文学院,湖北武汉, 430072)
 
摘  要: 李东阳的仕宦意识经历了一个由强烈到淡薄的发展过程。弘治十四年以前,他的仕宦意识比较强烈,这主要与其少年教育、仕途经历、君臣关系有关。之后,这种意识逐渐淡化;至正德间,已非常淡薄。导致这一现象的重要因素主要有三点:功成身退思想之影响;体弱多病,痛失爱子;朝政昏暗,对国事彻底失望。正德间,东阳不能去位,并非迷恋相位,而是不得已而为之,但他并没有真正达到能屈能伸,舍弃一已私利之境界。无论如何,这对国家是有利的。正确把握李东阳仕宦意识之变化,有助于对其做出实事求是的评价。
 
关键词: 李东阳;仕宦意识;致仕;淡薄
 
 
On Li Dong-yang s thought of wishing for a senior administrative post
 
XUE Quan
 
(Literature College, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract: Li Dong-yang had got a strong thought of wanting to get a senior administrative post before the 14th years of Hongzhi. And from then on this kind of consciousness became flagger. In the period of Zhengde, Li Dong-yang couldn t resign, not because being addicted to the official position, but having to do so. Which was beneficial to Ming Dynasty. Being aware of the changes of Li Dong-yang s consciousness will be beneficial to our practical and realistic evaluation to him.
 
Key words: Li Dong-yang; consciousness of wishing for a senior administrative post; retirement; thin
 
 
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