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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年06月第11卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2005)03-0329-06
 
清初理学的世俗化倾向
 
林国标
 
(湖南省委党校,湖南长沙,410006)
 
摘  要: 清代理学与宋明理学相比已具有多方面的差异,这主要表现在:理气论上,清代理学更强调理气无先后,把气提升到与理同等重要的地位;心性论上,认为气质是人性的重要来源,要求从气质上观性而不是像程朱理学那样从天理上观性;格致论上,强调格“事”、“物”之理,将儒家一切认识和实践活动的落脚点建立在“事理”之上。这些差异反映了清代理学的世俗化、实用化倾向。
 
关键词: 清代理学;宋明理学;理气论;心性论;格致论
 
 
The tendency of common customs of Neo-Confucian in Qing dynasty
 
LIN Guo-biao
 
(Chinese Communist Party School of Hunan Province, Changsha 410006, China)
 
Abstract: The Neo-Confucian in Qing had much diversity compare to that in Song and Ming Dynasties. The differences can be described as follows: in statement of“Li”and“Qi”, Qing Neo-Confucian laid emphasize on uniformity of them; while in statement of“Xin”and“Xiing”, which considered metal as important source of human nature looking from matter instead of form; in statement of“practice”, which studied the reason of“matter”and“substance”. The neo-confucian put all the knowing and practicing on the“logic of matter”instead of“logic of Heaven”.
Key words:The Neo-confucian in Qing; The Neo-confucian in Song and Ming statement of“Li”and“qi”;statement of“Xin”and“Xiing”statement of“practice”
 
 
 
Key words: The Neo-confucian in Qing; The Neo-confucian in Song and Ming statement of“Li”and“qi”;statement of“Xin”and“Xiing”statement of“practice”
 
 
 
 
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