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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年04月第11卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2005)02-0270-03
 
翻译佛经中作状语的“甚大”
 
黄增寿
 
(南京大学中文系,江苏南京, 210093)
 
摘  要: “甚大”作状语最早出现于东汉译经,魏晋南北朝和唐代译经续有沿用,用例甚多。与这种状况形成鲜明对照的是“甚大”作状语在中土文献中极为少见,我们只在《太平经》《太平广记》《祖堂集》《敦煌变文》等几部文献当中发现了几个例子。本文认为,“甚大”作状语能在中土文献中出现,是佛经语言现象“直接移植”的结果,而其不能真正融入汉语,则是因为与汉语的语法规则有抵触。
 
关键词: 佛经;状语;“甚大”;中土文献
 
 
“Shenda”(甚大)as the adverbial modifier in sutras
 
HUANG Zeng-shou
 
(Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)
Abstract:“Shenda”(甚大)as the adverbial modifier first appeared in Buddhist scriptures of the Eastern Han Dynasty, continued to be used in WeiJin and the Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Tang Dynasty.To be in sharp contrast with the universal usages,“Shenda”(甚大)serving as the adverbial modifier is extremely rare in the secular literature for few examples can be found in“Taipingjing”(太平经)、“Taipingguangji”(太平广记),“Zutangji”(祖堂集),“Dunhuangbianwen”(敦煌变文).This paper argues that,“Shenda”(甚大) serving as adverbial modifier in the secular literature is the result of Sutras language phenomenon“directtransplantation”. It can t really incorporate with the Chinese language because it is inconsistent with the rule of grammer of the Chinese.)
 
Abstract: “Shenda”(甚大)as the adverbial modifier first appeared in Buddhist scriptures of the Eastern Han Dynasty, continued to be used in WeiJin and the Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Tang Dynasty.To be in sharp contrast with the universal usages,“Shenda”(甚大)serving as the adverbial modifier is extremely rare in the secular literature for few examples can be found in“Taipingjing”(太平经)、“Taipingguangji”(太平广记),“Zutangji”(祖堂集),“Dunhuangbianwen”(敦煌变文).This paper argues that,“Shenda”(甚大) serving as adverbial modifier in the secular literature is the result of Sutras language phenomenon“directtransplantation”. It can t really incorporate with the Chinese language because it is inconsistent with the rule of grammer of the Chinese.
 
Key words: Sutras; Adverbial modifier ;Shenda(甚大);The secular literature
 
 
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