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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年04月第11卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览3253次    下载945次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2005)02-0265-05
 
把字句里介词“把”前面的成分
 
刘培玉,赵敬华
 
(中南大学文学院,长沙, 410083)
 
摘  要: 把字句里介词“把”前的成分很复杂,从句法平面看,有的是主语,有的是状语,有的既不是主语,也不是状语;从语义平面看,“把”前成分是从主要动核里提取的,它可以是主要动核的各种语义角色。“把”前成分对事件发生所起的作用从大到小存在一个序列。从语用平面看,“把”前成分可看作惟一主题。
 
关键词: 句法;介词;把字句
 
 
The compositions ahead of preposition“Ba”in“Ba Word Sentence Pattern”
 
LIU Pei-yu, ZHAO Jing-hua
 
(School of Chinese Language Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: The compositions ahead of preposition“Ba”in“Ba Word Sentence Pattern”are very complicated,From the view of the syntactic plane, some of them are the subjects, while some are the adverbials, Some are heither the subjects nor the adverbial; From the view of the semantic plane, the compositions ahead of prepositions Ba are obtained from the main verb cores, It can play any semantic role of the main verb cores. There is a scale among the compositions ahead of preposition Ba from bigness to smallness according to the functions on the event. From the view of the pragmatic plane, the compositions ahead of preposition Ba can be regarded as the sole theme.
 
Key words: syntax; preposition; Ba Word Sentence Pattern
 
 
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