自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2006年10月第12卷第5期
   
本文已被:浏览3175次    下载850次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2006)04-0629-05
 
论语体对名词和量词组合的制约作用
 
樊中元
 
(广西师范大学文学院,广西桂林,541004)
 
摘  要: 语体是语言功能的变体,它是名词对量词选择的重要制约因素。由于语义约略、惯性意识及语音关系,谈话体中对“个”的选择具有明显倾向;而科学体中,因用语规范统一的要求,对个体量词选择具有规约性和单一性量词选择仅限于主题性名词的选择差异;在科学体和非科学体之间,量词选择具有科学体向非科学体的单向转换关系。
 
关键词: 语体;现代汉语;名词;量词
 
 
The restricted effect of style on the collocation of noun and measure word
 
FAN Zhongyuan
 
(Department Language and Literature,Guangxi Normal University,Guilin 541004, China)
 
Abstract: Type of writing is a variante of linguistic function .And it is an important dependent factor in nouns matching corresponding classifiers. In terms of type of writing and according to concret linguistic date, the paper discusses the choices of nouns to measure words, which can be a reference for using and teaching classifier. In the article, authors confine the type of writing to colloquialism and scientific style of writing. For such factors as the neglect of semanteme habitual consciousness and phonetic relationship,there is an obvious tendancy that the colloquialism prefers to the measure words. On the other hand ,in the scientific style of writing ,the choice to measure words is fixed and sole for the requirment of standad and unity. Between scientific style and unscientific style, the choice of classifiers takes on a single-direction relationship which is a transformation from scientific style to unscientific style, while in scientific style of writing, the choice of classifiers is confined to the selection of diferences of themetic nouns.
 
Key words: Chinese; type of writing; nonu; measuer word
 
 
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