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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2006年10月第12卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2006)05-0610-05
 
柳敬亭:从历史人物到戏曲人物
 
郭园兰
 
(湖南大学文学院,湖南长沙,410082)
 
摘  要: 《桃花扇》在追求历史真实的同时,注意艺术虚构,虚实结合,戏剧与历史达到了完美统一。具体到柳敬亭形象的塑造,剧作者一方面使柳的说书技艺及滑稽、刚强、仁义的心性与史实相符,另一方面则或移植史实,或实中写虚,或以虚写实,在请缨、入狱、归隐等情节中加入了较多的虚构成份。戏剧与历史中柳敬亭形象的异同,从一个侧面反映了剧作者取舍材料的匠心及其超人的史识艺胆。
 
关键词: 孔尚任;《桃花扇》;柳敬亭;历史人物;戏曲人物
 
 
Liu Jingting: From a historical personage to a drama character
 
GUO Yuanlan
 
(College of Chinese Lanuage and Literature, Hunan University,Changsha 410082,China)
 
Abstract: By paying more attention to both historical truth and arts fiction , Kong Shangren integrated historical truth with arts fiction perfectly in“Peach Blossom Fan”. As for the design of the image of Liu Jingting, the author ,on the one hand, made Liu Jingting s eloquence and his funny, firm, kind nature consistent in the historical truth. On the other hand he, added more fictitious elements to the plots of his assignments, imprisonment, quit, etc. through transplanting the historical evidence, fabricating the reality or inventing the reality .The differences and similarities the image of Liu Jingting in the drama and history showed the author's super techniques in choosing materials and his profound knowledge of history and art as well.
 
Key words: Kong Shangren;“Peach Blossom Fan”; Liu Jingting;historical figures;opera characters
 
 
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