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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2006年04月第12卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2006)01-0216-05
 
技术、制度和生产要素的组合结构
———兼论企业竞争的实质
 
陈为,欧阳葵
 
(武汉理工大学经济学院,湖北武汉, 430070)
 
摘  要: 用生产要素的组合结构分析技术和制度的实质,此思路对理解企业及其竞争过程的实质比传统理论更加精确和全面,并可把制度的研究纳入实证分析的范畴。当企业被看成是有效率生产要素组合结构体时,企业竞争实际上就是技术和制度的竞争。企业竞争不仅是达到资源配置效率的帕累托最优,也可提高要素特别是劳动的利用效率,从而达到资源利用效率的最优状态。
 
关键词: 生产要素;组合结构;技术;制度;竞争力
 
 
Technology, institution and the combination of the factors of production
 
CHEN Wei, OUYANG kui
 
(School of Economics, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China)
 
Abstract: With the combination of the essential factors of production study approach, this paper analyses the nature of the technology and the institution. The idea makes people comprehend the firms and the nature of their competitive courses more precisely and more all-sidedly than the traditional theory. And the idea can bring the study of the institution into the field of the analysis of authentic proof. When the firm is regarded as an effective combination of the essential factors of production, the competition between firms is actually the keen competitions in technology and institution. The competition between firms can increase the factors, especially the effect of productivity of labor, thus coming up to the highest efficiency of the distribution of resources, ie. the pareto-efficiency.
 
Key words: combination of the factors of production; technology; institution; competitiveness
 
 
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