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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2006年04月第12卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2006)02-0194-05
 
民事再审制度改革的法律思考
 
袁锦秀,陈义真
 
(湖南师范大学法学院,湖南长沙, 410081)
 
摘  要: 鉴于我国民事再审制度中再审程序启动具有随意性,申请再审与申诉关系混乱,以及重实体轻程序的倾向严重,结合国外再审立法的经验和措施,在重构我国再审制度时,应当以裁判的稳立性和程序的安定性为根本;对再审作必要的限制;尊重当事人的处分权。为此应取消法院主动发动再审程序的方式;对检察机关民事再审监督权作必要的限制,并规定再审法院的级别和审案法官人数,建立一整套规范的再审程序制度,以保证民事再审制度公正性、独立性和权威性目的真正实现。
 
关键词: 民事诉讼;再审制度;纠错功能;立法缺陷
 
 
On the reforms of system of civil case retrial
 
YUAN Jin-xiu, CHEN Yi-zhen
 
(College of law, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China)
 
Abstract: In view of the casuality of its starting, and confusion of the retrial and appeal, and the inclinationof preferring entity to process, this paper holds that the stability of procedure and adjudication should be based on putting right the system of retrial by referring to the experiences and measures of retrial legislation in foreign countries. Retrials should not be restricted and the litigant s right should be respected.Therefore, any retrial lodged by the court must be withdrawn. Supervisions by procuratorial organs ought to be limited. The levels of courts and the number of lawyers should be stipulated so that a normalized retrial system will be enforced to ensure the realization of its impartiality, independence and authority.
 
Key words: civil lawsuit ; the system of retrial ; the function of rectification; the drawbacks of legislation
 
 
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