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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2024年03月第30卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2024)02-0075-10
 
《大明律》对成宗时期朝鲜的影响
 
张春海
 
(南京大学法学院,江苏南京,210093)
 
摘  要: 朝鲜从成宗初年开始,适用法律偏离《大明律》的做法遭到了挑战,多种法律并存的状况发生变化,《大明律》成为定罪量刑的基本准则。随着《大明律》地位的提升,君主不可随意变通《大明律》的观念逐渐形成,《大明律》甚至成了抵制君主不正确决定的根据。由半岛特定的国情与风俗所决定,君主虽仍时或会推动朝廷对《大明律》的一些条款进行变通,但已相当节制。为了进一步提升《大明律》的地位与权威,朝廷还积极以《大明律》移风易俗,这是以法律形塑社会,乃《大明律》在半岛发挥的重要功能。
 
关键词: 《大明律》;移风易俗;权断权;朝鲜王朝
 
 
On the influence of Da Ming Law on the Joseon Kingdom during the Chengzong Period
 
ZHANG Chunhai
 
(School of Law, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)
 
Abstract: In the early years of Kingdom Chengzong's reign, the deviation of legal application from the Da Ming Law was challenged, the coexistence of multiple laws began to change, and the Da Ming Law became the basic principle for conviction and sentencing. With the rise of the status of Da Ming Law, there gradually formed the concept that monarchs could not freely modify it at will, and Da Ming Law even became the accordance for resisting certain incorrect decisions of the monarch. Determined by the specific national conditions and customs of the peninsula, the monarch, who might still push the court to modify some provisions of Da Ming Law, had been quite restrained. In order to further enhance the status and authority of Da Ming Law, the court also actively transformed customs and traditions with Da Ming Law, which is to fashion the society and culture through law, and is an important function of Da Ming Law in the peninsula.
 
Key words: Da Ming Law; transform existing habits and customs; right of alternative disposition; Joseon Kingdom
 
 
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