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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2024年01月第30卷第1期
   
本文已被:浏览198次    下载93次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2024)01-0199-10
 
女性权力与族群认同:阿玛拉松塔政治参与二重向度的考察
 
刘榕榕
 
(湖北大学历史文化学院,湖北武汉,430062)
 
摘  要: 526年,东哥特王国的开创者塞奥多里克去世,王位由外孙阿塔拉里克继承。因阿塔拉里克年幼,其母阿玛拉松塔摄政。阿玛拉松塔有意在王国中促进罗马元素与日耳曼元素的融合,这一目标同哥特人日益强化的族群意识产生了难以调和的矛盾,其施政引起哥特贵族势力的反对。阿塔拉里克去世后,阿玛拉松塔失去权力并丧命。古代晚期地中海世界缺乏保证女性独立执政的社会环境、法律基础和权力机制,女性权力具有显著的依附性,这是阿玛拉松塔摄政政权垮台的关键原因。阿玛拉松塔政权的垮台则成为该时期地中海世界政局发生显著变化的重要契机。
 
关键词: 东哥特王国;阿玛拉松塔;族群认同;女性权力
 
 
Women’s power and ethnic identity: An investigation into the dual dimension of Amalasuntha's political participation
 
LIU Rongrong
 
(School of History and Culture, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China)
 
Abstract: In the year of 526, Theoderic, the founder of the Ostrogothic Kingdom, died, and the throne was inherited by Athalaric, Theoderic's grandson. As Athalaric was little, his mother Amalasuntha began her regency career. Amalasuntha intended to promote the integration of Roman elements and Germanic elements in the Kingdom. This goal led to irreconcilable contradictions with the increasingly strengthened ethnic consciousness of the Goths, so much so that her regency caused the opposition of the Goth aristocratic forces. After the death of Athalaric, Amalasuntha lost power and died immediately. In late antiquity in the Mediterranean world, there lacked social environment, legal basis and power mechanisms to ensure women’s independent governance. So, women's power had a remarkable dependence, which was the key reason for the collapse of the Amalasuntha's regency. And the downfall of the Amalasuntha's regime became an important turning point for significant changes in the political situation of the Mediterranean world during that period.
 
Key words: The Ostrogothic Kingdom; Amalasuntha; ethnic identity; women's power
 
 
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