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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2024年01月第30卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2024)01-0168-11
 
新乡土叙事:回归生命本体的民族寓言——罗伟章“尘世三部曲”综论
 
晏杰雄,丁思存
 
(中南大学人文学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 新时代以来,传统乡村观念面临变革与新生,罗伟章的创作感应时代变化,在山村记忆复写中融入个体精神分析与形而上哲学思辨,提供了新乡土叙事的典型样本。由《声音史》《寂静史》《隐秘史》合成的“尘世三部曲”关注新时代新乡村经验,引入超乡土元素与先锋表达,超越了“乡土文学”二元对立的启蒙主义模式,打破了既往“底层文学”的标签。一方面,作者将书写重心放在乡村日常生活经验,以“植物特性”的虚构联通个体经历、民族传统与人类集体经验,由写实性的村庄叙事拓展到民族寓言式的书写;另一方面,作者在乡村书写中秉持情景交融的情物论与万物有灵的泛神论,坚持生命平等观,建构了生命感丰盈的叙事系统。由此,他在乡村地域想象与民族寓言之间开辟了新的心灵路径。
 
关键词: 罗伟章;“尘世三部曲”;新乡土叙事;生命本位;民族寓言
 
 
New rural narrative: A national fable returning to the noumenon of life—A comprehensive discussion on Luo Weizhang's "Trilogy of the Earthly World"
 
YAN Jiexiong, DING Sicun
 
(School of Humanities, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: Since the new age, traditional rural concepts have faced changes and rebirth, and Luo Weizhang's creation reflects the changing atmosphere of the times and integrates individual psychoanalysis and metaphysical philosophical thinking into the replication of mountain village memories, hence providing a typical example of new rural narrative. The "Trilogy of the Earthly World" composed of The History of Sound, The History of Silence, and The History of Secrets, focuses on the experience of new rural areas in the new age, introducing elements of ultra local culture and avant-garde expression, surpassing the Enlightenment model of binary opposition of "local literature", and breaking the label of "grassroots literature" in the past. On the one hand, the writer focuses on the daily life experiences in rural areas, connecting individual experiences, ethnic traditions, and human collective experiences through the fictional connection of "plant characteristics", expanding from realistic village narratives to ethnic fable style writing. On the other hand, in rural writing, the writer adheres to the theory of emotions and scenery which is blended with the pantheism that all things have spirits, adheres to the concept of equality of life, and constructs a narrative system with a rich sense of life. As a result, he has opened up a new spiritual path between rural imagination and ethnic fables.
 
Key words: Luo Weizhang; "the Trilogy of the Earthly World"; new rural narrative; life-oriented; national allegory
 
 
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