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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2024年01月第30卷第1期
   
本文已被:浏览222次    下载95次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2024)01-0050-13
 
走向媒介正义:网络暴力信息治理的平台角色与法治实现
 
朱笑延
 
(吉林大学法学院,吉林长春,130012)
 
摘  要: 网络暴力信息治理义务的增设,标志着平台成为治理网络暴力的“超级责任体”。洞悉网络暴力信息在平台环境中生成、扩散、异化的内在规律,成为理解数字时代网络暴力法律规制转型的关键。引入传播学的数字媒介理论,可以发现网络暴力信息并非由“乌合之众”自发聚集而成,而是在平台鼓励偏激言论、放大极端情绪、助推舆论集群的媒介不公环境下滋生的。搭建优化内容质量、鼓励理性讨论、提供被害救济的媒介正义秩序,成为平台履行网络暴力信息治理义务的独特内涵。平台应在事前预警环节设置与自身内容生态相适配的内容监测机制,实时感知网络暴力信息风险;在事中处置环节搭建健康引导网络舆情走向的议程框架,有效阻断网络暴力信息扩散;在被害保护环节配置具备及时响应能力的技术反制措施,防止被害人遭受网络暴力信息的舆论宰制。
 
关键词: 网络暴力信息;平台义务;媒介正义;内容合规
 
 
Towards media justice: Platform role and law implementation of cyber violence information governance
 
ZHU Xiaoyan
 
(School of Law, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)
 
Abstract: The promulgation of the obligation of cyber violence information governance marks a "super responsible entity" for the platform. Understanding the internal regularities of generation, diffusion, and alienation of cyber violence information under platform environment has become the key to understanding the regulation transformation of cyber violence in the Digital Age. By introducing the digital media theory, it can be found that cyber violence information is not spontaneously gathered by "the Crowd", but grows in a media environment where platforms encourage extremist speech, support radical emotions, and promote public opinion clusters. To build a media justice order that optimizes content quality, encourages rational discussion, and provides victim relief has become the unique connotation that the platform implements its duty in governing cyber violence. Before the incident, the platform’s early warning system should aim to configure a content supervision mechanism applicable to its content ecology, to perceive the risk of cyber violence information at real-time; in the process of the incident, an agenda framework should be set up to healthily guide public opinion orientations and to effectively block the spread of online violence information; and at the stage of protecting the victim, technical counter-measures with timely response ability should be taken to prevent victims from public bullying.
 
Key words: cyberviolence information; platform obligations; media justice; content compliance
 
 
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