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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2024年01月第30卷第1期
   
本文已被:浏览207次    下载92次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2024)01-0031-07
 
ChatGPT应用中的科研诚信风险及其伦理治理
 
周谨平
 
(中南大学人文学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 作为具有高度人工智能特点的新成果,ChatGPT自面世以来就受到广泛关注。其强大的信息整合能力、生成性的自主学习能力、良好的人机交互能力在为科学研究提供有力辅助的同时,也产生了科研诚信的隐忧。ChatGPT在辅助科研中存在的诚信风险主要包括:信息失真的风险、剽窃侵权的风险、科研失德的风险。要规避这些风险,就必须对ChatGPT的应用进行伦理治理。ChatGPT使用应当遵守公开知情原则、公平正义原则、共同责任原则。唯有强化研究者的道德自觉,建立ChatGPT伦理审查机制,构建ChatGPT科研诚信伦理控制体系,才能确保ChatGPT在科研辅助中满足科研诚信要求、具备道德正当性。
 
关键词: 伦理;治理;科研诚信;ChatGPT
 
 
Scientific research integrity risks and ethical governance of ChatGPT application
 
ZHOU Jinping
 
(School of Humanities, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: As a new achievement with intensively creative AI features, ChatGPT has attracted widespread attention since it was applied. The strong capabilities in information integrating, formative autonomous self-studying and good man-machine interacting, at the time of providing strongly competitive auxiliary equipment in scientific research, also generates potential risks for research integrity. The main integrity risks that ChatGPT possibly causes in supplementing scientific research include information distortion, plagiarism and evil purpose of research. To avoid such risks, we must adopt ethical governance towards ChatGPT application. In applying ChatGPT, we must abide by transparency and informed principle, fair and justice principle and common responsibility principle. Only by strengthening the moral consciousness of researchers, building ethical review mechanism, and constructing research integrity control system, can we ensure that ChatGPT, in supplementing scientific research, can meet the requirements for scientific integrity and maintain moral justice.
 
Key words: ethics; governance; scientific research integrity; ChatGPT
 
 
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