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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年11月第29卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览263次    下载116次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2023)06-0200-11
 
波斯统治时期叙利亚地区的政治制度
 
, 李继荣
 
(贵州师范大学历史与政治学院,贵州贵阳,550001)
 
摘  要: 公元前539年,波斯将叙利亚地区纳入帝国行省管理模式之下,拉开了该地由印欧“外族”人千余年统治的序幕。波斯统治者在古叙利亚地区设置“河西”行省,促使波斯的外来政治制度与叙利亚本土的政治模式进行融合,创新发展出中央集权、地方自治和全面管控在内的“混合式”政治制度模式,体现出叙利亚文明为“节点文明”的特质,对古叙利亚的政治制度单位、文明概念范畴和疆域边界范围的形成产生了奠基性作用。
 
关键词: 文明交往;波斯时期;叙利亚;政治制度
 
 
Political system in ancient Syria during Persian period
 
LI Jirong
 
(School of History and Political Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 55001, China)
 
Abstract: In 539 BC, Persians brought the provincial administration into the region of Ancient Syria, marking the beginning of thousands of years of Indo-European "foreign" rule in the region. The setting of ebir nāri by Persian ruler prompted the integration between the Persian political system and the local political model of Syria, and innovatively developed a "mixed" political system model, which included centralization, local autonomy and overall control, reflecting the characteristics of the Syrian civilization as a "Node Civilization". It played a fundamental role in the formation of the political system units, the concept categories of civilization and the boundaries of territory in ancient Syria.
 
Key words: civilization communication; the Persian period; Syria; political system
 
 
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