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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年11月第29卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览222次    下载107次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2023)06-0125-12
 
成本—收益视角下府际生态治理合作的类型与机制——以长三角示范区为例
 
毛春梅,姚清
 
(河海大学公共管理学院,江苏南京,211100)
 
摘  要: 日益严重的跨界生态问题已成为区域发展的主要障碍之一,改革属地治理模式、加强府际合作,是推动区域生态治理的必然选择。利益是驱动地方政府参与生态合作治理的关键,作为理性决策者,地方政府的合作动力来源于合作收益大于合作成本的预期。基于成本—收益视角,将区域生态治理的府际合作类型划分为损失盈利型、比较利益型、共创共享型三种,并剖析了这三种合作类型的成本—收益特征。以长三角生态绿色一体化发展示范区内的水污染治理、生态工程建设、生态文化旅游圈打造为例,从驱动力、利益协商两方面分析了区域生态治理中不同府际合作类型的合作机制:损失盈利型以中央政府调控力为主导,实行的是利益补偿机制;比较利益型以地方政府自然生长力为主导,实行的是利益谈判机制;共创共享型以市场驱动力为主导,实行的是利益分配机制。
 
关键词: 区域生态治理;府际合作;成本—收益;合作类型;合作动力
 
 
Types and drivers of intergovernmental cooperation in regional ecological governance from a cost-benefit perspective: Taking the Yangtze River Delta Zone as an example
 
MAO Chunmei, YAO Qing
 
(School of Public Administration, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China)
 
Abstract: The increasingly severe cross-border ecological issues have become one of the main obstacles to regional development. Reforming the local governance model and strengthening intergovernmental cooperation are inevitable choices for promoting regional ecological governance. Interest is the key to driving local government participation in ecological cooperative governance, and as rational decision-makers, local governments' cooperative motivation stems from the expectation that cooperative benefits exceed the anticipated cooperative costs. This study, from a cost-benefit perspective, classifies regional ecological governance's intergovernmental cooperation types into such three types as loss-profit type, comparative interest type, and co-creation and sharing type, and analyzes the cost-benefit characteristics of these three types of cooperation. Drawing on the real-world experiences in the Yangtze River Delta's Ecological Green Integrated Development Demonstration Zone such as water pollution control, ecological engineering construction, and the construction of ecological cultural tourism circles, the analysis reveals differences in motivation of cooperation among different intergovernmental cooperation types in regional ecological governance. The loss-profit type is dominated by central government regulatory power, implementing a benefit compensation mechanism. The comparative interest type is led by local government's inherent growth power, implementing a benefit negotiation mechanism. The co-creation and sharing type is driven by market forces, implementing a benefit distribution mechanism. By analyzing the cost-benefit and behavioral strategies of different ecological cooperative governance types, this study is beneficial to expanding the research perspective on regional intergovernmental cooperation, and providing a reference for establishing a balanced interest mechanism for regional ecological cooperative governance.
 
Key words: regional ecological cooperation; intergovernmental cooperation; cost-benefit; types of cooperation; motivation for cooperation
 
 
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