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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年07月第29卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2023)04-0001-11
 
阿多诺论艺术作品的实践态度与社会效果
 
王晓升
 
(华中科技大学哲学学院,湖北武汉,430074)
 
摘  要: 阿多诺认为,艺术是精神性的、动态的,艺术作品中包含了真理内容和意识形态之间的冲突,艺术作品的理解和阐释过程就是艺术作品的生产过程,就是艺术作品的真理内容和意识形态的斗争过程。艺术作品的这种动态特征显示出艺术作品的实践意向,但是艺术作品的实践效果是不确定的。艺术作品发挥的积极作用,就是艺术作品的真理内容在人们对于艺术作品的内在批判中对人的精神的影响。虽然艺术作品会有社会效果,但是它不能刻意追求这种社会效果,这需要借助艺术接受者的反思能力。艺术创作虽然不刻意追求社会效果,但是也应有所“规划”。当然这个规划不是要教育大众,而是要促进接受者反思,否则就会转向专断。艺术作品的接受既不是要得到精神的安慰,也不是要直接对抗社会。艺术作品的实践态度和社会效果依赖于艺术接受者对于艺术作品真理内容的建构,而不是他们外在的实际活动。
 
关键词: 阿多诺;艺术作品;社会效果;介入;自律性
 
 
Adorno on the practical attitude and social effect of art works
 
WANG Xiaosheng
 
(School of Philosophy, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China)
 
Abstract: Adorno believes that art is spiritual and dynamic, and artistic works contain the conflict between the truth contents and ideology. The process of understanding and interpreting art works is the production process of these art works as well as the struggle process between their truth contents and their ideology. This dynamic feature of the art works shows the practical intention of the art works, but their practical effect is uncertain. The positive role that the art works play is the influence of the truth contents of the art works on people's spirit in the inner criticism of the art works. Although the art works can have social effects, they should not deliberately pursue such social effects, which requires the reflecting ability of art recipients. Although artistic creation does not deliberately pursue social effects, it should also have "planning". Of course, such planning is not intended to educate the public, but to encourage the recipient to reflect. Otherwise, it would turn dictatorial. The acceptance of the art works is neither to get spiritual comfort nor to directly battle the society. The practical attitude and social effect of the art works rely on the construction of the truth contents of art works by art recipients rather than their external actual activities.
 
Key words: Adorno; art works; social effect; intervention; autonomy
 
 
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