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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年05月第29卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览271次    下载159次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2023)03-0031-08
 
以情为本:《大学》“絜矩”之儒家治道
 
宁静贤,于述胜
 
(北京师范大学教育学部,北京,100875)
 
摘  要: 《大学》“絜矩”之道是在审慎而周密的度量中形成并持守治国、平天下的法度。本质上,“絜矩”之道乃情感体证之学。其基本精神,是强调治国之人要以自身的真实好恶为基本出发点,通过一己之情与家人、国人、天下人之情的相通相合,生成修己治人的理性行为法则,并以此理性法则感化百姓、推施政教。“絜矩”之道下的治道由此获得了纯粹的主体自由性、公正性与平等性。这一理论指出了政治治理的根本所在,并能与西方技术性思维下的治道两相补足,为现代政治治理提供反思与补益之法。
 
关键词: 《大学》;“絜矩”;情感;好恶之情;通情;感化;儒家治道
 
 
Emotion-oriented: Confucian governance of the doctrine of Xie-Ju in Great Learning
 
NING Jingxian,YU shusheng
 
(Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
 
Abstract: The essence of the doctrine of Xie-Ju (the measurement of Confucian moral rule) is the legal measurement formed after cautious and thoughtful measuring and maintained in governing the state and ruling the people. Its fundamental spirit is that the one who governs the state must take his own authentic likes and dislikes as the basic starting point, connect his personal natural emotions with those of his families, country people and global citizens to form rational principles for conduct, and hence move the populace and implement politics and beliefs accordingly. As a result, the governance by the doctrine of Xie-Ju acquires such properties as subjective autonomy, impartiality and overall concordance. This theory points out the essence of political governance, makes up for the deficiency of western governance model based on scientific thinking, and provides reflections and remedy for modern political governance.
 
Key words: Great Learning; the doctrine of Xie-Ju (the measurement of Confucian moral rule); human emotions; natural likes and dislikes; empathy; move; the Confucian governance
 
 
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