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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年03月第29卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览650次    下载318次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2023)02-0191-09
 
论文学阐释的交互主体性之维
 
庞弘
 
(四川师范大学文学院,四川成都,610068)
 
摘  要: 20世纪以来,交互主体性成为文学阐释中难以忽视的维度。交互主体性发轫于人文学术对主体性及其极端化倾向的反思,致力于构造主体之间彼此敞开、相得益彰的动态图景。通过巴赫金的“对话”,伽达默尔的“视域融合”,以及哈贝马斯的“交往理性”,交互主体性逐渐由一种生存状态转化为一种阐释话语。在文学阐释中,交互主体性带来了一些有益的启示,如对“单因论”困境的超越,对阐释之创造性和破坏性的平衡,以及对一种以理性为内核的阐释的公共状态的建构。诚然,作为一种阐释话语的交互主体性存在着某些悖谬或症候,但它终究为人文学者对阐释、意义、文学的重新发现提供了新的可能性。
 
关键词: 阐释;交互主体性;对话;视域融合;交往理性
 
 
On the intersubjectivity dimension of literary interpretation
 
PANG Hong
 
(School of Liberal Arts, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610068, China)
 
Abstract: Since the 20th century, intersubjectivity has become a crucial dimension in literary interpretation. Intersubjectivity originates from the reflection on subjectivity and its extreme tendency in human sciences, and is devoted to the construction of a dynamic picture in which different subjects are open to each other and complement with each other. Through Bakhtin’s "dialogue", Gadamer’s "fusion of horizons", and Habermas’s "communicative reason", intersubjectivity gradually transforms from a state of existence into an interpretive discourse. In literary interpretation, intersubjectivity has some positive effects, helping us to transcend the dilemma of singularism, to strike a balance between the creativeness and destructiveness of interpretation, and to construct a public state of interpretation with reason at its core. As an interpretive discourse, intersubjectivity has some paradoxes or symptoms, but it eventually provides a new possibility for scholars in humanities to re-discover interpretation, meaning as well as literature.
 
Key words: interpretation; intersubjectivity; dialogue; fusion of horizons; communicative reason
 
 
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