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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年03月第29卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览591次    下载287次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2023)02-0182-09
 
延安时期的文学批评转型与文艺制度建构
 
郭国昌,谢腾飞
 
(西北师范大学文学院,甘肃兰州,730070)
 
摘  要: 文学批评是延安文艺制度建构的基本路径之一。以延安文艺座谈会的召开为分界线,延安时期的文学批评经历了从前期的以作家作品为中心的文本解读,到后期的以毛泽东的《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》为标准的政策阐释。正是在延安文学批评话语的体制性转型过程中,文学批评才得以成为延安文艺制度的建构力量。延安时期文学批评的转型过程,其实是中国共产党在延安文艺实践中探寻人民性的必然结果。延安时期的文学批评与中国共产党的文艺政策之间,构成了一种意识形态传导机制。人民性也正是作为一种美学意识形态在这种机制中被建构起来。
 
关键词: 延安时期;文学批评;人民性;意识形态;文艺制度
 
 
Transformation of literary criticism and the construction of literary and artistic system of Yan’an Period
 
GUO Guochang, XIE Tengfei
 
(College of Chinse Language and Literature, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China)
 
Abstract: Literary criticism is one of the basic paths for the construction of Yan’an literature and art system. Taking Yan’an Forum on Literature and Art as the dividing line, literary criticism in the Yan’an period experienced a transformation from a text interpretation centered on writers' works in the early stage to a policy interpretation based on Mao Tse-Tung's Talks at the Yan’an Forum on Literature and Art at the late stage. It is in this very process of institutional transformation of Yan’an literary criticism discourse that literary criticism could become the constructing force of Yan’an literary and art system. The transformation of literary criticism in the Yan’an period is actually the inevitable result of the CPC's exploration of the people's position in the literary and art practice in Yan’an. The literary criticism and the literary and artistic policies of the CPC jointly constitute an ideological transmission mechanism, and the people's position is also constructed in this mechanism as an aesthetic ideology.
 
Key words: Yan’an period; literary criticism; people's position; ideology; literary and artistic system
 
 
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