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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年03月第29卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2023)02-0174-08
 
士大夫身份意识与汪琬墓志铭的书写策略
 
郭英德
 
(河北大学文学院,河北保定,071002)
 
摘  要: 清前期著名古文家汪琬继承唐宋以降的文化传统,着力讲求墓志铭的书写策略,借以鲜明地表达他所理解的士大夫群体的观念、情感、理想和趣味。汪琬的墓志铭书写特意强调撰写者“文学蔚蔚”的文化身份,强烈表达撰写者“以其风声说人”的情感旨趣,自觉行使撰写者“自重特立”的话语权力,力图塑造一种独具风貌的“在野”士大夫形象。这一书写策略作为一种独特的文学表达方式,既受制于、也强化着汪琬的士大夫身份意识,具有重要的历史价值和文化价值。
 
关键词: 汪琬;墓志铭;士大夫;身份意识;书写策略
 
 
The identity consciousness of scholar-bureaucrats and the writing strategy of Wang Wan's epitaphs
 
GUO Yingde
 
(School of Chinese Language and Literature, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China)
 
Abstract: Wang Wan, a famous prose writer in the early Qing Dynasty, inherited the cultural tradition since the Tang and Song dynasties, and focused on the writing strategy of epitaphs to clearly express the concepts, feelings, ideals and interests of the scholar-bureaucrats that he understood. Wang Wan’s epitaphs particularly emphasize the writer’s cultural identity of the literary accomplishment, the emotional purport of “talking about people in his voice”, and the discourse power of the self-respect and independence. He tried to create a unique image of the scholar-bureaucrats who are “not in” the government. This writing strategy, as a unique way of literary expression, is both subject to and strengthened by Wang Wan’s scholar-bureaucrat identity consciousness, and has important historical and cultural value.
 
Key words: Wang Wan; epitaphs; the scholar-bureaucrats; identity consciousness; the writing strategy
 
 
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