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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年03月第29卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2023)02-0038-11
 
宋元“字义体”发展述略
 
许至
 
(南京大学中国传统文化研究中心,江苏南京,210023)
 
摘  要: “字义体”是宋元理学家以“四书”为源,凝练出若干性理范畴并加以解释的集合体。它肇端于诗歌体的《训蒙绝句》,发展于仿蒙求体的《性理字训》,成熟于字典体的《北溪字义》,最后又回归到传统注疏体的《读书记》,整体呈现出启蒙初学、理学入门到学术研究的演变轨迹。这种以范畴勾勒四书学或理学的通俗化诠释形式,在庞杂的理学思想中提取核心奥旨的诠释方法,既打破了汉唐传注家法的僵化局面,又凸显了儒学革新中典型概念的精义,而且以一种活泼的诠释形态为儒家经典诠释、理学范畴阐释、儒学通俗化的研究提供了别样的视角与思路。
 
关键词: 字义体;理学范畴;通俗化;诠释;宋元
 
 
An overview of the development of ZiYi Paradigm in the Song and Yuan dynasties
 
XU Zhi
 
(Research Center of Chinese Traditional Culture , Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China)
 
Abstract: ZiYi Paradigm is compounded by Neo-Confucianists in the Song and Ming dynasties with the Four Books as the origin, hence condensing numerous abstract philosophy concepts. It originated from Xunmeng Quatrain (《训蒙绝句》) in poetic form, developed in Interpretation of Neo-Confucian Terms (《性理字训》) by Mengzhai of the Menqqiu style, matured in the Beixi’s Analytic Glossary of Philosophical Terms(《北溪字义》) of the dictionary style, and finally returned to Reading Notes (《读书记》) of traditional annotation-style. It presents the evolving track from enlightening readings, Neo-Confucianist essentials to academic study.  This kind of popularized hermeneutics which outlines the Four Books or Confucianism with concepts, and the method of extracting the core meanings in the numerous and tedious thoughts of Neo-Confucianism, not only break the rigid situation of interpretation methods of Han and Tang dynasties, but also highlight the essence of typical concepts in Confucianism innovation. More importantly, it provides a different perspective and way of thinking for the study of Confucian hermeneutic theory, explanation of Neo-Confucianist concepts and the popularization of Confucianism with a lively interpretation form.
 
Key words: ZiYi Paradigm; concepts of Neo-Confucianism; popularization; hermeneutics;Song and Yuan dynasties
 
 
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