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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2023年03月第29卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览645次    下载298次   
文章编号:1672-3104(2023)02-0030-08
 
形式化时间的困境——论胡塞尔时间现象学中的疑难
 
彭洋
 
(贵州大学哲学学院,贵州贵阳,550025)
 
摘  要: 胡塞尔之所以认为时间问题是“所有现象学问题中最困难的”,是因为他一方面坚持认为时间是刚性不变的“意识形式”,另一方面又认为时间是一种“活的当前”。这两种矛盾的理解使胡塞尔在解释时间现象时,经常陷入“无限倒退”“静止不动”。胡塞尔的前一种时间观实际上没有超出亚里士多德、牛顿等人的传统时间理解;而后一种思想却富含新意,启迪了海德格尔、德里达、斯蒂格勒等后来一批重要思想家对时间问题推陈出新的探索。
 
关键词: 胡塞尔;时间;形式;空间;活的当前
 
 
The dilemma of formalized time:On the problematique in Husserl’s phenomenology of time
 
PENG Yang
 
(School of Philosophy, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China)
 
Abstract: The reasons that Husserl regards the problem of time as “the most difficult of all phenomenological problems” lie in two aspects. On the one hand, Husserl insists that time is the rigid form of consciousness; on the other hand, he discovers that time has the dynamic structure of the “living present”. These two contradictory understandings of time often render Husserl fall into the dilemmas of “endless regression” and “motionless standstill” when interpreting the phenomenology of time. In fact, Husserl’s former understanding of time does not go beyond the traditional explanation of time by Aristotle, Newton and the like, while his latter understanding of time is rich in inspiration which enlightens a host of later philosophers like Heidegger, Derrida, Stiegler and so on to get rid of the stale and bring forth the fresh in exploring time.
 
Key words: Husserl; time; form; space; living present
 
 
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